Italian restaurants often have names starting with Osteria, Trattoria or Enoteca, etc. other than Ristorante, a word we usually know as a restaurant. There are plenty of options when it comes to different types of Italian restaurants to eat in Italy. Each type of Italian restaurant has its own features.
Traditionally a name such as Ristorante, Pesceria or Pasticceria indicates what type of food it offers, what type of service it offers. If you know the differences between these types of Italian restaurants, you can find what you want to eat quickly. I think this is helpful for many who like to travel to Italy. Therefore, I put them together for your reference.
The common types of restaurants are:
- Tavola Calda
- Pizza a taglio
Ristorante is what we usually use the word for restaurant. It indicates a fine Italian dining establishment and frequently a well-known chef. You can expect a complete menu with antipasti, primi, secondi, contorni, and dolci, which mean a starter, the first course, the second course, side dishes, and dessert. Meanwhile, you get seafood and meat dishes. The price level is quite high compared to other types of Italian restaurants. But it offers a relaxed atmosphere and the whole meal can take hours. So if you are in a hurry, don’t look for it.
A true traditional osteria is a small, bar-like establishment. An osteria is mostly frequent by locals and is often found in a neighborhood rather than a tourist place. It offers pasta dishes, wine or sandwiches. Locals usually gather there to socialize with each other. It also offers a casual and informal atmosphere with a focus on regional specialties. An osteria has elements of a bar but will have more restaurant-style services than a typical bar.
Trattorias are typically family-run. They offer wonderful casual places to eat traditional and home-made dishes. The differences between a ristorante and a trattoria lie in the form of a location. A trattoria is often found on a side street while a ristorante is on the main street. Furthermore, a trattoria is also likely to be a smaller eatery than a ristorante.
If you want to eat in the company of interesting and eccentric locals, visit the widely beloved trattoria. One of such places I have tried is Le Tre Terrazze, in a remote hilltop village in northern Tuscany. It is a typical trattoria, though the word “trattoria” is not part of its name.
The Italian word Pesce means fish in English. A pesceria offers fish related dishes. But don’t mix up with pescheria, which means a fish market or shop.
As a seafood lover, I have paid special attention to the names of those restaurants offering seafood. Some restaurants simply use the word Pesce, to indicate that they specialize in the eafood section, for example, Pesce Baracca in Pietrasanta. Other restaurants use the word Del Mare to indicate that they focus on seafood, for example, Pier Trattoria Del Mare in Portovenere.
A tavola calda means “hot table”. This type of Italian restaurants has typically no table service. So you need to choose your food from a cafeteria-style of the serving area. It has a small selection of ready-cooked hot dishes and a bar with a tavola calda which will offer everything a regular Italian bar offers. In English, sometimes it is called fast food or snack bar.
A rosticceria usually sells roast chicken or other meat products. It also offers cooked meats ready for you to take home for the family dinner. At lunchtime, it sells meats or chickens in smaller portions so that you can eat on the premises as a quick lunch. Other than meats it also sells roast vegetable dishes.
Recently rosticcerias are becoming less and less common. But if you see a local rosticceria in some remote Italian towns, it is worth to have a try. There you will find regional meats that aren’t available anywhere else.
In Italy, pizzerias serve mainly pizza with wine, a variety of salads, and a few pasta selections. They are sit-down Italian restaurants.
Pizza a taglio
If you want to eat a slice of pizza on the way, you should look for a pizza a taglio. Taglio means “by the slice”. There may be limited seating, but squares of pizza, calzones, and occasionally some desserts are packed up to take away.
Traditionally an Italian taverna is like an equivalent of a British pub. It used to be an establishment found in the mountainous regions of Italy where a traveler could stop for the evening and order a hearty meal, drink wine instead of beer and even stay the night.
Nowadays, you can see the traditional taverna in some remote villages. In bigger towns, however, a taverna is a full-service eatery, for example in Taverna del Capitano in Vernazza, Cinque Terre.
Pasticceria means bakery or pastry shop in English. In fact, it is a type of cafe which offers self-made artisanal pastries, brioches, croissants and the like. Depend on the size of the space some pasticcerias will also sell fresh-baked bread, meats, cheeses, olives, and wine.
You will pay and get the food on the counter. This casual style and fast-moving service at Pasticceria make it a great place to stop in for a quick breakfast or to pick up everything on the way.
A paninoteca is a sandwich bar. It is a place where you can buy sandwiches like panini and tramezzino, bread, cold cuts and cheese. It has certain similarity to Pasticceria. While Pasticceria offers better quality food, paninoteca offers food at cheaper prices.
An enoteca is a wine bar, or a bar where the only alcohol served is wine. Traditionally it is a wine shop for tasting and buying regional wines. In any given enoteca, you will find a wide range of white wines and red wines from the local area. Depending on the size of the bar, they might also stock some imported wines as well as a very small menu of appetizers.
An enoteca serves typically a small menu of food, similar to tapas for you to accompany the wine. You can expect to see a selection of cheeses and meats, simple salads, bruschetta and occasionally pasta, etc. from the menu.
A bar in Italy is a place for refreshments, where one can have a quick breakfast in the morning, some light food such as sandwiches for lunch, and some appetizers before the dinners. A Bar is similar to a Cafe.
Throughout the day, the bar usually serves coffees, juices, and alcohol as well. It is also a social place where locals chat with each other about everything from family affairs to politics.
Other names of Italian restaurants
I believe that these types of Italian restaurants can help you to figure out roughly what food you can expect by just looking at the names of Italian restaurants. In some situation, the actual meaning of these titles is also getting lost. I have seen very expensive and upscale restaurants also called trattoria or osteria, for example, Osteria del Mare in Forte Dei Marmi, the Italian Liguria beach area.
During my summer trip to Tuscany, I have also noticed another interesting fact. Some Italian restaurants use a combination of names, for example, San Martino Pesceria Osteria Pizzeria along Chianti Route, Tuscany. You can probably guess what they offer by now.
This list includes the most common Italian eateries you could see here and there. However, depending on where you travel, you may encounter others such as a pizzerie, bruschetteria, bacari or piadinerie. If you discover a new type, please let me know, and I would be happy to update my post accordingly.
Some tours offer wonderful Italian food experience. These tours are available in major Italian cities, such as Rome, Florence, or Naples. The local guides will give you an insight into food traditions and culture during the journey.One of the most popular tours, for example, is the street food tour with a local guide in small group in Rome. You will taste the food of Rome at more than 5 traditional eateries. The tour also includes the visit of Rome’s most charming and beautiful areas and see some of Rome most interesting monuments and attractions along the way.
Sometimes, the tour also combines with other activities and cultural events as well. For example, the 90 Minute Food Tasting Segway Tour in Rome. You will learn the flavors of Naples on a 90-minute Segway tour. You can taste authentic and unforgettable local food while gliding through the most enchanting areas and sites of Naples.