The Normandie Apartments (Wukang Mansion) of Shanghai’s Former French Concession

The Normandie Apartments (today’s Wukang Mansion, 武康大楼, 1836–1858 Middle Huaihai Road) is located at a rare six-way intersection in the center of Shanghai, the junction of Shanghai Tianping Road (天平路), Yuqing Road (余庆路), Xingguo Road (兴国路), Wukang Road (武康路), and Huaihai Middle Road (淮海中路). It is in the western part of the former French Concession area of the city. The angle between Wukang Road and Huaihai Road is less than 30 degrees, and the building is perfectly shaped into the narrow-angle.

The unique shape attracts the attention of many tourists. It is one of the iconic building in the former French Concession. But, first of all, why did Wukang Road have such a strange angle with Huaihai Road?

The front view of the Normandie Apartments (Wukang Mansion) in Shanghai
The front view of the Normandie Apartments (Wukang Mansion) in Shanghai

The brief history of the Normandie Apartments

In 1896, the Nanyang Public School (南洋公學) was founded in Shanghai by the imperial edict of the Guangxu Emperor.  Sheng Xuanhuai (盛宣怀), the mandarin who proposed the idea to the Guangxu Emperor, hired the missionary educator John Calvin Ferguson to set up the school.

In the year 1907, he used his own salary to build another small road between Avenue Joffre (Huaihai Road) and Route Legendre (Xingguo Road) to facilitate the travel of teachers and students. However, in the beginning, this path did not have a name. Later, because the nearby French Concession wanted to expand its scope, it had a conflict with a local Ningbo Association, the United Kingdom, the United States, and Russia. Ferguson mediated the dispute and reached a solution that satisfied everyone. The local people named this road Route Ferguson to honor him. In 1914, the road belonged to French Concession.

In 1924, there were many high-end shopping malls and business venues near Route Ferguson and Avenue Joffre. The French International Savings Society took the opportunity and initiated the construction of this apartment building at the location. They gave the building the name Normandie Apartments. It has nothing to do with the Battle of Normandy. But it is related to the French habit of naming buildings. It housed mainly senior business people from Western employees of companies based in the old Xujiahui district. 

So, who was the architect and what is the architectural style of the building?

Chinese name of the Normandie Apartments at the entrance
Chinese name of the Normandie Apartments at the entrance

The architect of the Normandie Apartments

While the unique shape of the Normandie Apartments is related to the angle between the roads where the building is located, it also highlights the designer’s clever ideas. The Normandie Apartments was designed by Hungarian-Slovak architect László Hudec, who designed many landmarks in Shanghai. It is a masterpiece as a residential building. So, what are the features of this building then?

The architectural style of the Normandie Apartments

The eight-story building is in the French Renaissance style and is the oldest veranda-style apartment building in Shanghai. The concrete building is 30 metres tall, occupies a ground area of 1,580 square metres, and has a floor area of 9,275 square metres. There were originally 63 apartments, 30 servants’ quarters, and three elevators. The unusual wedge-shape of the building is reminiscent of the Flatiron Building in New York.

The first, second floors formed a  semi-circular vault, with a stone-like cement wall. The third to seventh floors of the building have yellow-brown tiled walls. The exterior of the eighth floor is still a stone-like cement wall. Next to the spiral staircases, there is also passenger and cargo elevators. And the elevators use a half-clock to indicate the floor where the elevator arrives, which is a very chic design.

The side view of the Normandie Apartments (Wukang Mansion) in Shanghai
The side view of the Normandie Apartments (Wukang Mansion) in Shanghai

The historical stories associated to the Normandie Apartments

There used to have two movie companies not far from this building. Therefore, it became a popular residence for people from the film industry in the 1940s. They gathered in the cafes and restaurants on the ground floor to talk about the manuscript and interview potential actors and actresses.

Soon, it became the centre of China’s film industry during the Republic of China era. Residents included famous actors and actresses Wu Yin, Wang Renmei, Qin Yi, Zhao Dan, Sun Daolin, Wang Wenjuan, Shangguan Yunzhu, and actor/director Zheng Junli.

Wang Renmei was the main actress in the movie “Children of Troubled Times” (风云儿女). Its lyric, the March of the Volunteers, was composed by Nie Er and its context was written by Tian Han. After the movie was screened and released on 24th of May in 1935, the title song was known by nearly every Chinese. Later, it has become the national anthem of the People’s Republic of China.

Kung Ling-Wei(孔令 伟), the daughter of the wealthy banker H. H. Kung, bought the building in 1945 and moved into the building. In 1953, Shanghai government took over the building.

The dramas of the Normandie Apartments

During the Cultural Revolution (1966–76), the building became the target of the Red Guards. They called the building an anti-revisionist tower. Dozens of intellectuals committed suicide, while others were persecuted as “state enemies”.  Some jumped from the building. Among them, the Chinese film star Shangguan Yunzhu jumped out of her seventh-floor window in November 1968 after being badly beaten. The building has a local reputation for being haunted by the ghosts of people who committed suicide there. That’s why the local residents referred to it as The Diving Board.

The present status of the Normandie Apartment

The former Normandie Apartments was renamed in 1953 to Wukang Mansion. In 2008 it was restored by the government of Xuhui District. It is one of Shanghai’s historic buildings under the municipal protection.

In 2019, the surrounding of the building is also renovated. There is no web-like wires and cables around the building. It is possible for visitors to take pictures of the building without having any cables or wires in the scene. Some of the poles and pillars in the surrounding are also moved away.

The Normandie Apartments, or Wukang Mansion, is undoubtedly still the famous building in the former French Concession. Besides, there are many things to do on the premise as well.

大隐书局, one of the epic bookstores in Shanghai
大隐书局, one of the epic bookstores in Shanghai

Things to do around Normandie Apartments (Wukang Mansion)

On the ground floor of the building is an arcaded passage. There are a few stores there. The

is quite popular among the locals. It has a nostalgic interior and offers tasty coffees. However, what attracts me more is the bookstore 大隐书局, which is only a few steps further from the Cottage Cafe & Bar.

The small door is easy to be missed by passers-by. And the facade of the bookstore looks unremarkable. The interior design of the bookstore is simple. There are only a few types of books, and most are only in the Chinese language. But visitors can sit in any of the six rooms at the back of the bookstore, reading books, drinking a cup of tea, and meeting friends. The wooden tables and chairs, the warm colors and the background music make this venue a comfortable place for a relax. This is also one of the epic bookstores in Shanghai.

The Wukang Road itself is one of the famous streets in the former French Concession as well. The street is not long but lined up with many European-styled buildings. It is one of the most beautiful streets in Shanghai. There are also some bars and restaurants along the street. You can join a tour through the former French concession and enjoy a good time during your limited stay in Shanghai. Please take a look at the following tours.
Related post: Escape Summer Heat in Shanghai’s Former French Concession

Cottage Cafe & Bar (老麦咖啡馆)
Cottage Cafe & Bar (老麦咖啡馆) on the ground floor of the Normandie Apartments in Shanghai




  1. Buildings and architecture tell so much about the history of a place. The French architecture seems to point to some connection between China and Europe. The design of the building is quite impressive. And what a colourful history. Though I am sorry to hear that the building had seen so much death and drama!

  2. Wow, I had no idea that something like this existed in Shanghai. The history behind it is fascinating! The architectural style is unique and very different from what we see in China usually. It is interesting to know that it was a favourite with film industry as well. I would definitely want to take a heritage walk here and also check out other European style buildings.

  3. Wow , a French styled mansion in the heart of Shanghai . Now that’s interesting
    China having its strong influence on its architecture and culture always made me wonder if Europeans ever had a history with them . That’s so interesting to know about this place .

  4. Wow, I have just recently been to China and also to Shanghai! Probably, I wouldn’t have even noticed this building without your guide. But now that I know it’s history, I think it is definitely a fascinating building!

  5. How unexpected to find a European style building in Shanghai! Normandie Apartments remind me of a corner building in New York city which also dates from the beginning of the 20th century. I’d be curious to know if it was designed by the same architect, László Hudec.

  6. This building is very interesting, thank you for sharing its history and dark past. It is certainly very different and eye catching if you were just walking down the road you’d be fascinated with it. I would never have guessed it was in China.

  7. What a beautiful part of Shanghai! I wish I visited when I was here. I never knew there was a French concession here before reading this post. The architectural style reminds me of the Flat Iron in NYC and Toronto too.

  8. I visited this city a while back , it was a trip w my high school. I absolutely fell in love with the people and architecture.

  9. Wow it is beautifully built, love the architecture. Definitely giving me France vibes, even the layout of the streets are similar.

  10. I have seen apartment buildings similar to that but this is the first time I have read about the one in China. It is a must see building for me. I am sorry I missed it when I visited China last year.

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