Wieliczka Salt Mine, a Trip to the Underground World

Located on the geological rock salt deposit in southern Poland, the Wieliczka Salt Mine is one of the earliest and most important European industrial operations. Being not far from Krakow, the Wieliczka Salt Mine becomes one of the perfect day trip destinations from the city.

There are 287 kilometers of tunnels in the mine, around 3,5 kilometers are accessible to the public. It is difficult to imagine that there are more than two thousand chambers in the mine. However, only a few are open to the public. The only way to visit the salt mine is to join a guided tour, that’s how we did.

Besides, the following tours with different options have very high review rates.

Our tour group followed the tourist route in Wieliczka Salt Mine. Before we started the round walk, our tour guide made a brief introduction of the salt mine.  Along the route, we entered the following chambers:

  • Salt Statue in Copernicus Chamber
  • The life-sized salt statues in Janowice Chamber
  • St. Kinga’s Chapel, the world’s biggest underground church
  • Recreation of dangerous mine jobs in the Spalone Chamber
  • Authentic transport devices in Sielec Chamber
  • An underground saline lake
  • The massive support system in the Michalowice Chamber
  • The illumination inside the Józef Piłsudski Chamber
  • UNESCO marker in the Stanislaw Staszic Chamber
  • Restaurant, Museum and Ballroom chambers
  • The interactive multimedia stands in 5D cinema

The tourist route of the Wieliczka Salt Mine Tour

The tourist route starts at the Danilowicz Shaft and takes about 3 hours. The Wieliczka Salt Mine Tour visits numerous ancient chambers and chapels. Many parts in the chambers are made from rock salt, including the tiled floors, chandeliers, sculptures, and stringy stalactites that hang down

The underground tunnels link to chambers in Wieliczka Salt Mi
The underground tunnels link to chambers in Wieliczka Salt Mine

The guided tours are available in many languages. At the entrance, everyone will get a headphone and a small receiver, which receives the messages from the tour guide. During the entire excursion, the tour guide will tell tourists things about mining history and its secrets. The tour covers only 1% of the entire underground world. Therefore, all visitors must stay with the group and not go off wandering in other parts of the mine, which are not open to tourists.

The underground journey starts with 350 steps at the beginning, which take tourists down into the mine. Luckily, we could take elevators to get back to the surface at the end. The following chambers are the highlight during the entire tour I have joined.

Salt Statue in Copernicus Chamber

The first one is the Copernicus Chamber. The salt statue there commemorates the famous tourist Copernicus who visited the Wieliczka mine. Goethe and Pilsudski were also among those famous visitors. During the tour, we have also seen their status.

Wieliczka Salt Mine, astronomer Nicolaus Copernicus sculpture in Copernicus chamber
Wieliczka Salt Mine, astronomer Nicolaus Copernicus sculpture in Copernicus chamber

The life-sized salt statues in Janowice Chamber

Here the life-sized salt statues illustrate one of the oldest and the most beautiful legends of the Wieliczka Salt Mine. The legend said, when the Hungarian Princess Kinga married, she received as dowry one of the salt mines in the Marmaros region, and she cast her engagement ring into the mine.  Her ring, together with salt deposits, miraculously traveled to Wieliczka.  Kinga ordered to dig in a particular place. In the first block of salt, however, the miners found her ring. Since then salt has been plentiful in Poland.

The legend of St. Kinga is illustrated by a group of sculptures located in the Janowice Chamber in the Wieliczka Salt Mine
The legend of St. Kinga

St. Kinga’s Chapel, the world’s biggest underground church

St- Kinga in the fairy tale was a real person, a Hungarian Princess. To memorize her, a patron saint of salt mine workers, people built this chapel.  

Made exclusively of rock salt, at 101-meter deep in the Wieliczka Salt Mine, St. Kinga’s Chapel has become the world’s biggest underground church. Chandeliers made of salt crystals light the entire area. The chapel has amazing acoustics. It features bas-relief carvings from the New Testament done by miners. 

These are incredible scenes. Besides, there are many religious figures carved in the walls of the chapel. In my view, it is rather a ballroom than a chapel.

Saint Kinga’s Chapel at the Wieliczka Salt Mine
Saint Kinga’s Chapel, the world’s biggest underground church
Bas Relief of the Last Supper at Saint Kinga’s Chapel
Bas-Relief of the Last Supper at Saint Kinga’s Chapel

Recreation of dangerous mine jobs in the Spalone Chamber

The chamber is a recreation of dangerous mine jobs. In old times, methane explosions were a great danger for the mine. This colourless gas accumulating under the chamber ceiling was burnt out by experienced miners, known as the Penitents who dressed in wet clothes with torches on long poles, and crawled on the floor of the excavations.

Authentic transport devices in Sielec Chamber

Due to the lack of machines, humans and animals did the majority of work back in the old times. It was very dark as well, with torches as the only source of light. In the Sielec Chamber, tourists can see a collection of authentic devices used to transport salt in underground galleries. In the old-time, the miners used wooden carts, known as Hungarian dogs, chests, and special sledges to carry out their jobs. Fine salt was put into barrels, and large blocks of salt were stored as barrel-shaped rolls and rolled on wooden platforms. Miners used horses to help themselves in transporting salt to the ground level.

Horse driven winch for Dragging salt to the surface The Sielec Chamber
Horse driven winch for Dragging salt to the surface The Sielec Chamber

An underground saline lake

Along the way, we followed a narrow shaft, which leads us to an amazing saline lake. I would imagine scenes of a fantasy movie in the darkness. The lake holds more than 300g of salt per litre. It is so salty that no single gram of salt will dissolve in it. The lake had a nice glow of blue, even in the twilight of the chamber. I don’t know if it is a natural one or not.

The music of Chopin accompanied us with a light and sound effect on the shore of the saline lake.

An underground saline lake
An underground saline lake

The massive support system in the Michalowice Chamber

The chamber has an incredibly high ceiling. Here the wooden mine support system is impressive. It would prevent the collapse of the chamber. The remarkable timber constructions, for example, the cluster pillars in the Michalowice Chamber, are surely the carpenter’s masterpieces.

Support wooden structure in Michalowice Chamber
Support wooden structure in Michalowice Chamber

The illumination inside the Józef Piłsudski Chamber

It also has wooden supports painted in white, much like the Michalowice chamber’s support. The chamber has a pool of water as well as a tunnel, which connects to another chamber. The illumination alone the wooden stair looks stunning and mysterious.

UNESCO marker in the Stanislaw Staszic Chamber

The chamber is the largest one which is accessible to visitors. The Wieliczka Salt Mine was one of the first among 12 sites from all around the world to be designated a UNESCO World Heritage Site. I could see the 12 UNESCO sites marked on a large UNESCO marker.

Here is also the end of our guided tour.  It took us two hours to see all the things described here. Our tour guide told us that we would not be possible to get lost in there and would find our way out.

A shop is now selling souvenirs such as salt crystal products. There are some seating areas for visitors to relax. Toilets are also available there.

UNESCO Marker at the Wieliczka Salt Mine
UNESCO Marker in the Stanislaw Staszic Chamber

Restaurant, Museum and Ballroom chambers

We followed a long walkway to the underground restaurant where fresh and appetizing meals are prepared and served. The sitting area looks quite modern. There is an exit with a high-speed elevator that shoots you back up to the surface.

Be aware that the tour does not end at the restaurant.  Those who still have enough strength can continue the journey to the Krakow Salt Works Museum.  It is included in the price and will take an hour or so to look around.

The underground restaurant in Wieliczka Salt Mine
The underground restaurant in Wieliczka Salt Mine
A corner of the mine ballroom in Wieliczka Salt Mine
A corner of the mine ballroom in Wieliczka Salt Mine

The interactive multimedia stands in 5D cinema

Thanks to EU co-financing in April 2014, the Wieliczka Salt Mine opened two new chambers 125 meters within the depths of the mine: Lill Gorna and Kazanow.

We were able to see a film in the 5D cinema area, a spectacle at the salt crystal, and use over 20 interactive multimedia stands, games, and applications. It is a good education centre for kids as well. The main theme of the exhibition is salt presented from many points of view and in various applications.

Tours from Krakow

The historic Wieliczka Salt Mine shows an underground metropolis. During the journey, I have seen unusual places and the power of human hands that once excavated rock salt. Through kilometers of meandering corridors and ramps, I have witnessed the impressive chambers, wooden structures, lakes, and breathtaking salt statues.

Besides, tourists can benefit from the multimedia technology coming across along the route. That makes the tour very informative and attractive.

Many tours start from Krakow include the hotel pickup service. If the budget allows, you can combine Auschwitz and the Wieliczka Salt Mine tour in one day.

Now, are you interested in seeing the underground magic world? If yes, you can secure the Wieliczka Salt Mine tour online. Or, you can buy Wieliczka Salt Mine tour tickets on-site. Visitors can see the scheduled tours on the screen outside. Each guided tour in a different language, such as English, Russian, French, Italian, Spanish.

Related post:  Krakow Old Town, A Walk Through the First UNESCO Site and the Old Polish Capital

Tips for visiting the salt mine

Sculptures from rock salt in Wieliczka Salt Mine
Sculptures from rock salt in Wieliczka Salt Mine

What to wear

We visited the place in May. The mine is constantly around 15 degrees Centigrade. So you might need to wear a warm jacket during the visit. Nevertheless, the tour operator recommends to wear comfortable shoes.

How to get to Wieliczka Salt Mine

Wieliczka Salt Mine is located 16 kilometres southeast from Krakow. There are many ways to get there from Krakow, by bus, by train or by car. Check here to get detail information.

Walkway towards the exit of Wieliczka Salt Mine
Walkway towards the exit of Wieliczka Salt Mine

The Wieliczka Salt Mine is located on the geological rock salt deposit in southern Poland. It is one of the earliest and most important European industrial operations. #poland #krakow #europe #unesco #city #capital # daytrips #saltmine #Wieliczka

12 Comments

  1. The saline lake seems so magical. I never knew that this existed. I would love to visit and take this tour.

  2. Oh wow. This is so cool. I can’t believe you can have all those beautiful chambers below ground. The St. Kinga’s chapel and its chandeliers are fantastic!

  3. Omg that’s amazing, sounds like an adventure I would love to go on. Being able to explore the Salt Mine would be so cool.

  4. This is so cool! I feel like I’m seeing something out of an action movie. If I were to go to Poland I’d love to visit Krakow and the salt mine.

  5. This is so cool! Almost like something out of Indiana Jones 🙂 I’m hoping to visit Krakow next year and will definitely be going to the salt mine.

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